Posted by: hevallo | June 16, 2008

Turkey’s Cultural Genocide in Kurdistan.

Click on this hauntingly beautiful mosaic, which has been named ‘Gypsy Girl’ but to me, looks like a Kurdish girl, uncovered in Kurdistan and discover the ancient world of Zuegma, founded by one of Alexander the Greats Generals, that bridged the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and has now been drowned by Turkey’s ‘dam projects’/cultural genocide. Kurdistan possesses some of the most ancient and undiscovered treasures in the world, including Hasankeyf, but Turkey is purposely destroying or devaluing them as part of its cultural onslaught against the Kurds.

We need a Kurdish Indiana Jones! Actually, we already do have lots of them!

This from Dr Tom’s Blog.

“Mention the names of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates and many people today will immediately think of Iraq and the strategic location of Baghdad.

Of course, the importance of these rivers, if we remember well into our past, is biblical, mythological and legendary.

Along the two rivers, many important cities have risen, thrived and been destroyed. Ancient Babylon is not so very far away from modern Baghdad.

But a city that shares its name with a figure of speech has lost its match with human destiny.

Ancient Zeugma (or more properly, the twin cities of Seleucia and Apamea) was the literal link between cultures.

The Romans built a bridge between the two cities–the only bridge over the Euphrates built in ancient times–and called the union Zeugma; Greek for a band, yoke or bridge, or a yoking or a joining. The new city became the garrison town of legio IV Scythica of the Roman army.

The ancient city eventually faded into memory, buried by Turkish sand; now it has been drowned. The need for water is a never ending need for humans, and one of our favorite structures is a dam. A dam can supply badly needed water for irrigation and for domestic use. The enormous lakes that result behind the dam can become popular recreation sites.

And it can (and often does) mean the drowning of past towns, cities and villages. Such was the fate of Zeugma when Turkey undertook to build a dam at Birecik. The flooding caused by the dam is significant, but archaeologists were able to persuade authorities to let them excavate as much as possible up to the flooding moment. Fortunately, there are some areas of Zeugma that now have a lakeside view and are giving up some fantastic ancient artifacts.

Finds at Zeugma before the flooding and currently have included Roman bronze armor, enormous mosaics, figures of Aphrodite and Mars.

While the ancient city lives no more, the figure of speech continues to survive, though we’d be hard pressed to find many who could call it by its name of the top of their heads.

A zeugma is when one word, such as a preposition or a verb, is used with two other words in different senses. For example, (slight variation on Shakespeare), “Lend me your ears and some money.”


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